Yusha’u N, A E Ubogu, M Mamman


This paper tried to examine the causes of marital instability in Katsina state, Nigeria. A total of 400 questionnaire were administered to the respondents who have had an experience of marital challenge using snowball sampling method. Data obtained were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics and presented in tables, charts and graphs. Factor Analysis and Varimax rotation methods were adopted in order to identify the most critical causes of marital instability. The study revealed eight factors as the critical causes of marital instability in Katsina state. The factors include disregard for relatives (0.706), sex preference of children (0.680), infertility (0.614), age difference among spouse (0.605) sexual dissatisfaction (0.564), infidelity (0.547), nagging (0.528) and forced marriage (0.526). The cumulative percentage of the variance revealed that the eight major factors alone accounted for 60.1% of the causes of marital instability in Katsina state.  These factors were further reduced and classified into procreative/child bearing, sexual incompatibility, maturity and attitudinal factors. The study recommends that there is need for stakeholders addressing the procreative/child bearing, sexual incompatibility, maturity and attitudinal factors to reduce marital instability in the state. 


divorce; infertility; child bearing; sexual incompatibility; maturity, attitudinal factors.

Full Text:



Adeniyi, E. O. and Olawale, S. G. (2009). Strategies for Curtailing Women Abuse in Nigeria In H.O Nwagwu, O.A. Moronkola & D.O Kintunde, (eds). Women Issues In Nigeria. Royal People Nigeria Limited, Ibadan.

Amadi, U.P.N & Amadi, F., (2014). Maritial Crisis in the Nigerian Society:Causes, Consequences and Management Strategies. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy Vol 5 No 26 November 2014. ISSN 2039-2117 (online) ISSN 2039-9340 (print).

Amadi U.P.N. (2009): Gender Sensitivity Education and Sustainability of Africa's Dynamic Socials Values. A Paper Presented at a National Conference held at the Federal College of Education (Tech.) Umunze from 17th -22nd October.

Anima, R. N. (2008). Marital Instability and its Impact on Women and Children of Bangladesh. Shahid Sharawardi College Laxmibazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Awake (2008): Marriages in Distress. How can you make your marriage a success? The Watch Tower Magazine (July edition). Pennsylvania: The Watch Tower and Tract Society.

Buckwell, P.J. (2010). Marital Crisis Resolution Coping with Adultery. New York: Cowling Investigation incorporation.

Danso, A. M. (2008). Some Determinants and Consequences of Marital Instability in Ogun State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Applied Psychology, 8(9): 54-69.

Duke-Natrebo, N. C. (2014). The impact of marital instability in early childhood development in Nigeria, African Education Indices, 7(1) 1– 8.

Enwereji, E. (2008). Indigenous Marriage Institution and Divorce in Nigeria. The case of Abia state of Nigeria. European Journal of General Medicine. 5(3):165-169.

George, M. O. (2014). Gender Agenda in Marital Stability and Productive Adult Life. Nigerian Journal of Gender Development. 2(1): 150-154.

Gove, B. (2006). Webster’s third New International Dictionary of The English Language Unabridged. U.S.A. Marrian-Webster Inc.

Karik, P. (2017). Assessment of the Socio-economic Effects of Marital Instability on Women in Kaduna State. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences. Ahmadu Bello University Zaria,Nigeria.

Kumuyi W.F (2004) Effect of Marital Instability on Children, Christian Women Mirrow, Deeper life publication.

Lesmin, G.D., & Sarah, K.L. (1998). The 1989 Revision of the U.S Standard Certificates and Reports. Retrieved from http://www.udcentreforhealthstatistics/

Laudau S and Everitt B. (2004). A Handbook of Statistical Analyses using SPSS. New York: Chapman and Hall/CRC Press.

Maciver, J. E. & Dimkpa, D. I. (2012). Factors influencing marital stability, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1): 437 – 442.

Musau, J. M., Kisovi, L. M. & Otor, S. C. J. (2015). Marital instability and its impact on female-headed household livelihoods in Machakos County, Kenya, International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(8): 145 – 153.

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), (2018). 2017 Demographic Statistics Bulletin of Nigeria. Third Series released on the 18th of May, 2018.

National Population Commission [NPC], (2006). Population and Housing Census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Analytical Report at the National Population Commission, Katsina, Nigeria.

Olaleye, Y. L. (2010). Single Parenthood Impact on Street Children in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Social Work Education, 2(2): 38-54.

Omoniyi-Oyafunke, C., Falola, H., & Salau, O. (2014). Effect Of Marital Instability On Children In Abeokuta Metropolis. European Journal of Business and Innovation Research, (3)68-77, (

Otanwa, M. E. (2017). Assessment of the Trend and Effects of Divorce On Households In Makurdi of Benue State, Nigeria. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences. Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria.

Patrick, S.I. (2012). An Assessment of Forest Resource Utilization and Management: A Study of Katsina Fuelwood Plantation. Number 2 Forest Reserve in Katsina Local Government Area of Katsina State.

Sigle-Rushton, W., & McLanahan, S. (2004). Father absence and child well- being: a critical review. In Patrick, D. Smeeding, T.M & Rainwater, L (Eds.). The future of the family. New York. Russell Sage Foundation.

Sobolewski, J. M., & Amato, P. R. (2007) Parents’ discord and divorce, parent-child relationships and subjective well-being in early adulthood: Is feeling close to two parents always better than feeling close to one? Social Forces, 85(3) 1105.

Taro, Y. (1964). Statistics, An Introductory Analysis. Third Edition. New York, Harper and Row Publishers.

Tikuma, I. H. (2009). An Introduction to the Study of Problems in Society for Tertiary Students in Nigeria, Zaria: Ahmadu Bello University Press Limited.


  • There are currently no refbacks.