Dimas Garba, Prof. P. P. Izah, Dr. Isaac I. Akuva



This paper examines the historical development of the Nigeria-United States Bilateral Relations and how the outlook of different regimes towards governance in Nigeria have shaped the character of the relationship in the last sixty years, from 1960 to 2020. The objective of the paper is to explain how the challenges of good governance in Nigeria are major factors affecting the Nigeria-U.S. bilateral relations and how they can be addressed to improve mutual benefits between the two countries. With the aid of qualitative data obtained from secondary sources which were analysed by documentary analysis method, it was found that the bilateral relations have been cordial but mostly acrimonious mainly due to the challenges of good governance in Nigeria such as human rights abuses, political instability, insecurity, corruption etc. under successive governments. Despite the acrimonies, the relationship has remained intact because of the strategic importance both countries have attached to the relationship and the expectations for mutual benefits. It was concluded that if the challenges of good governance in Nigeria are not addressed, there will not be smooth diplomatic relations and meaningful mutual benefits between Nigeria and the United States despite the huge potentials in the relations. It was therefore recommended that the bilateral relations should be strengthened through regular meetings and visits; the Nigerian government should be serious at addressing the challenges of good governance through combating corruption by securing conviction of offenders, capacity building and strengthening of civil society organizations, combating insecurity, ensuring respect for rule of law among others.


Bilateral Relations, Historical Perspective, Nigeria-United States and Good Governance.

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