PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PLANT GUM EXUDATES OF SOME SELECTED PLANT SPECIES IN KANO STATE NIGERIA

Sani Haruna, L. A. Sani, I. Gambo, M. S. Mohammed, B. S. Aliyu

Abstract


The  present  investigation  was  carried  out   to   study  the  Physicochemical  properties  of  gum  exudates  from   Azadirachta  indica,  Boswellia  dalzieli.  Anogeissuss   leiocarpus and   Sterculia  setigera.  Physicochemical  properties  of  these  gum  exudates  were  investigated  to  assess  the  economic  value  and  utilization  in  pharmaceutical,  Ethno-medicine   and  food  industries   as   substitute  to  gum  Arabic. From  the  results  it  was  observed  that,  Sterculia  setigera  have  significantly  (P≤0.05)  recorded  the  highest  values  in  all  the  physicochemical  parameters   which  is  followed  by   Boswellia  dalzielli  in  protein    nitrogen  content  and  viscosity,  while  Aindica   in  nitrogen,  swelling  index  and  viscosity  respectively.  From  the  result,  Anogeissus  leiocarpus  significantly  recorded  the  lowest  values  in  all  the  physicochemical  parameters.  Atomic  absorption  spectrometer  was  used  to  determine  the  mineral  content  of  the  gum  exudates.  Results  indicated  that,  all  the  gum  exudates  were  found  to  contain  Magnesium (Mg),  Calcium  (Ca)  Iron  (Fe),  Sodium (Na)  and  Potassium  (K).  Heavy  metals  such  as  Cadmium (Cd),   chromium  (Cr)  were  not  detected  in  all  the  gum  samples.  While  Lead (Pb) and  Zinc  (Zn)   were  detected  in  a  very  minute  quantity.  Results indicates  that,  the  gum  exudates  possess  a  good  physicochemical  properties  similar  to  gum  Arabic,  which  indicated  the  possibility  of  using  these  exudates   as  substitutes  to  many  other  gums.  Due  to  the  remarkable  similarity  in  the  physicochemical  properties  of  gum  exudates  of  gum  Arabic  and  the  gum  of  the  plants  in  this  study  more  investigations  are   needed   to  study  the  functional  and  rheological  properties   so  as  to  be  considered  as  the  main  substitute  of  other  gums.

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References


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