Olufayokemi Rasheedat Oyesanmi


Water is a scarce resource especially in Nigeria where water shortage is experienced in most of the cities. Determinants of domestic water consumption and their significance vary from place to place. This study analyzed sources and consumption of domestic water supply and investigating the determining factors of domestic water consumption in Lokoja. Data was collecting using the systematic random sampling method. 236 households were sampled and analysed using SPSS software. The results showed that 61.4% of the households got pipe borne water supply, 9% used well water, 9.3% used water from the River Niger and 20.3% got water supply through mechanized boreholes. Household water consumption vary from 121.50 litres/H/d to 2546.50 litres/h/d. The regression analysis has the model Y= 634.786 + 56.492 SE + 22.075AG + 7.428MA + 50.938EDU + 3.973OC+ 102.750MS + 135.585HS. The result of the multiple linear regression analysis indicated that such factors like size of household, level of education, age, sex and monthly income of households strongly determined household water consumption in Lokoja. The multiple correlation coefficient in R= 0.761 indicates that 76.1% of all tested variables correlated positively with domestic water consumption. This study concluded that even though more than half of the population have access to piped water, majority of people in the densely populated areas rely on other sources of water. This study recommends that Kogi State Water board should take measures for expanding the network of government administered water supply to meet household.


Keywords: water sources, domestic water consumption, regression model.

Full Text:



Abenu, A., Iwugo, K.O. and Medugu, N.I. (2016). An Assessment of Domestic Water Supply Patterns in Lojoka, Kogi State: International journal of trend in Research and Development, (3)3: 647-653.

Aho, M.I., Akpen, G.D.,and Ivue, P. (2016). Determinants of residential per capital water demand of markudi metropolis: Nigerian Journal of Technology, (35): 426-431.

Ajadi, B.S. (2010).Portable Water Availability and Consumption Pattern in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria: Global Journal of Human Social Science,10 (6/1): 44 – 50.

Al-Amin, M., Mahmud, K., Hosen, S. and Akhsanul Islam, M. (2011). Domestic water consumption in a village in Bangladesh: In the proceedings of the 1st Engineering Congress, Bangladesh, pp: 83-83.

Bagaji, A.S.Y., Yakub, N. and Maji, A. (2011). Lokoja urban water supply as a basic service programme: A critical appraisal of achievements and failures, 1991-2011: Canadian Social Science, 7(4): 82-88.

Enoh, A.E., Aniere, Q.U, and Ndukwe, A.A. (2014). Residential Water Use in Onitsha North Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria: International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 9(3):1409-1415.

Fan, L., Liu, G., Wang, F., Geissen, V., Ritsema, C. J and Tong, Y., (2013). Water Use Patterns and Conservation in Households of Wei River Basin, China: Resources, Conservation and Recycling Journal, (74):45 – 53.

Hussein, W.A., Memon, F.A. and Savic, D.A. (2016). Assessing and Modelling the Influence of Household Characteristics on per Capita Water consumption: Water Resource Management, (30) 2931-2955

Istifanus, V. (2017). Determinants of Domestic Water Use in Bauchi Metropolis:A Model Perspective: Journal of environment and Earth Science,7(6): 1-4.

Keshavarzi, A.R., Sharifzadeh, M., Kamgar-Haghighi, .A.A., Amin, S., Keshtkar S.and Bamdad, A. (2006). Rural Domestic Water Consumption Behavior: A study in Ramjerd area, Fars province, I.R. Iran. Water research 2006, 40:1173-1178.

Mohammed, A.H. and Sannuallah, P. (2017). An Empirical Analysis of Domestic Water Sources, Consumption and Associated Factors in Kandahar City, Afganistan. Resources and Environment Journal 17(2): 49 – 61.

Ogunbode, T.O. and Ifabiyi, P.I. (2014). Detreminants of Domestic Water Consumption in a Growing Urban Center in Osun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 8(4): 247-255.

Oyesanmi, O.R. (2017). An Assessment of Domestic Water Consumption Pattern In Lokoja Metropolis, Kogi State. International Journal of Social Sciences, 11(3): 46-56

Sadr, S.K., Memon, F.A., Jain, A., Gulati, S., Duncan, A.P., Hussein, W., Savić, D.A., and Butler, D. (2016). An Analysis of Domestic Water Consumption in Jaipur, India: British Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 6(2): 97-115.

Shan, Y.,Yang, L., Perren, K. and Zhang, y. (2015). Household Water Consumption: Insight from a Survey in Greece and Poland: Procedia Engineering, (119) 1409-1418.

Yusuf, Y.O. and Agabe, V. (2010). Assessment of water supply and distribution in Lokoja township, Kogi state. A Paper Presented at the 51st Annual Conference of the Association of Nigerian Geographers, 7-11 March, 2010.


  • There are currently no refbacks.