Hassan Abdulsalam, Ibrahim Nuhu, Yahaya Lawal


Jigawa State of Nigeria is a state naturally blessed with arable land for both wet and dry farming. The irrigation farming activities have led to the increasing population of boreholes in the state. The perils associated with individual borehole water quality consumed are not well investigated. This paper therefore sought to assess the quality of some randomly selected boreholes water in the State using standard methods, with the view of determining the suitability of the water for domestic and agricultural uses. The study shows the following results  for the five selected boreholes: temperature range of 30-32oC, pH of 6.93−6.98, turbidity of 0.07−0.6(NTU), alkalinity of 11.8−30.67(mg/L), total dissolved solids(TDS) of 143−147(mg/L), total hardness of 0.93−8.1(mg/L), calcium hardness of 4.3−8.83(mg/L), magnesium hardness of 0.03−0.23(mg/L), conductivity of 176.63−853(µS/mL), chloride of 4.25−6.72(mg/L),  lead (Pb) of 0.239−0.447(mg/L), cadmium (Cd) of 0.032−0.158(mg/L), zinc (Zn) of 0.01-0.11(mg/L), copper (Cu) of 0.0(mg/L), and iron (Fe) of 0.0-0.004(mg/L). Most of the parameters analyzed were found to be within the limits set by the World Health Organization’s standard for drinking water. Hence the borehole water is of good quality for human consumption and other domestic and agricultural uses, although little treatment may be required to lower the lead and cadmium concentrations in all the boreholes.

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