PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND HEAVY METALS ASSESSMENT OF SOME SELECTED BOREHOLE WATER IN DUTSE TOWN OF JIGAWA STATE

Hassan Abdulsalam, Ibrahim Nuhu, Yahaya Lawal

Abstract


Jigawa State of Nigeria is a state naturally blessed with arable land for both wet and dry farming. The irrigation farming activities have led to the increasing population of boreholes in the state. The perils associated with individual borehole water quality consumed are not well investigated. This paper therefore sought to assess the quality of some randomly selected boreholes water in the State using standard methods, with the view of determining the suitability of the water for domestic and agricultural uses. The study shows the following results  for the five selected boreholes: temperature range of 30-32oC, pH of 6.93−6.98, turbidity of 0.07−0.6(NTU), alkalinity of 11.8−30.67(mg/L), total dissolved solids(TDS) of 143−147(mg/L), total hardness of 0.93−8.1(mg/L), calcium hardness of 4.3−8.83(mg/L), magnesium hardness of 0.03−0.23(mg/L), conductivity of 176.63−853(µS/mL), chloride of 4.25−6.72(mg/L),  lead (Pb) of 0.239−0.447(mg/L), cadmium (Cd) of 0.032−0.158(mg/L), zinc (Zn) of 0.01-0.11(mg/L), copper (Cu) of 0.0(mg/L), and iron (Fe) of 0.0-0.004(mg/L). Most of the parameters analyzed were found to be within the limits set by the World Health Organization’s standard for drinking water. Hence the borehole water is of good quality for human consumption and other domestic and agricultural uses, although little treatment may be required to lower the lead and cadmium concentrations in all the boreholes.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Akpoborie, T., Egbo, S. H. O., Ebenuwa C. C and Emeshili E. M (2008). Comparative study of the Satchet Water in Asaba Metropolis, South-South, Nigeria. Book of proceeding of international conference of the chemical Society of Nigeria held in Effurun, Delta State.

Bernard E. and Ayeni N. (2012). Physicochemical analysis of groundwater samples of Bichi local government area of Kano State of Nigeria, World Environment, 2(6), 116 -119.

Berthold, S. (2010). Synthetic Convection Log- Characterization of Vertical Transport Processes in Fluid-Filled Boreholes. Journalof Applied Geophysics, 72 (1): 20-27.

American Public Health Association (APHA) (2012). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 22nd edition edited by E. W. Rice, R. B. Baird, A. D. Eaton and L. S. Clesceri. American Water Works Association (AWWA) and Water Pollution Control Federation (WPCF). Washington, D.C.

Amoo A, O, (2018). Water Quality Assessment of Selected Boreholes in Federal University Dutse Campus North-West, Nigeria. UMJR, ISSN: 2616-0668.

Bello, U. F and Bichi, M. H. (2013). Heavy metals pollution in surface water and Groundwater used for irrigation along River Tatsawarki in Kano state, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Engineering. 3(7): 2278-8719.

Egwari L. and Aboaba, O. O. (2002). Bacteriological quality of domestic waters: Revision. Saude Publica, 36(4): 513-520.

Garba Y.I., Gano U.T., Yusuuf M.S. and Musa D.M. (2018). Assessment of physicochemical and microbiological quality of borehole water in Dutse metropolitan Jigawa state, Nigeria,

Science World Journal, 13(3), 1597-6343

Haruna, A. Uzaini, A. and Harrison, G. F. S. (2008). Evaluation of Water Quality of Shallow Tube Wells of Some Fadama Lands in Zaria City, Nigeria. Book of Proceedings of the international conference of the chemical society of Nigeria held in Effurun, Delta State.

Lu, X. X. (2004). Vulnerability of Water Discharge of Large Chinese Rivers to Environmental Changes: An Overview. Reg Environ Change, 4:182–191.

Mohammad, S. D., Fikri, N. A., Irda, K., Dwiluci, A., Emma, T. S. and Tantowi, E. P (2015). Ground water Quality Assessments for suitable Drinking and Agricultural Irrigation Using Physicochemical water analysis in the Rancaekek-Jatinangor District, West Java, Indonesia. Int. Conference on Environmental Sciences and Technology. Vol. 84: 56-62

Momodu, M.A. and Anyakora, C.A. (2010): Heavy Metal Contamination of Ground Water: The Surulere Case Study. Research Journal Environmental and Earth Sciences. 2(1). 39-43.

Okeola, F. O., Kolawole O. D. and Ameen O. M (2010). Comparative Study of Physicchemical Parameters of Water from a River and Its Surrounding Wells for Possible Interactive Effect. Advances in environmental Biology, 4(3):336-344.

Okuo, J. M., Okonji, E. J. and Omoyerere, F. R. (2007) Hydro physiochemical Assessment of the Warri Coastal Aquifer, Southern Nigeria. Journal of Chemical Society, 32 (1) Pg. 53-64.

Sunnudo-Wilhelmy, S. A. and Gill, G. A. (1999). Impact of the Clean Water Act on the Levels of Toxic Metals in Urban Estuaries: The Hundson River Estuary Revisited. Environmental Science Technology, 33:

-3481.

Tahir, M.T., Abdulmalik, S. and Suleiman, A.K. (2019). Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters and Heavy Metals in Drinking Water from oreholes and Wells in Dutse District, Jigawa State, Nigeria, IJSRST, 6(2), 2395-6011.

Tukura B.W., Ibrahim E.G., Onche E.U. and Ibrahim M.A.G. (2013). Preliminary Assessment of Physicochemical Properties of Borehole Water in the vicinity of Public Health Facility in Nasarawa State, Nigeria, IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2278-5736, 5(6), 55-63

Ukpong, E. C. Okon, B. B. (2013). Comparative analysis of public and private borehole water supply sources in Uruan LocalGgovernment Area of Akwa Ibom state, International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 3( 1), 76-91

World Health Organisation (WHO). (2011). Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality. Available at https://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/register/repo rt/eiareport/eia_2242014/EIA/app/app02.0 2.pdf. Assessed on December 14, 2018.

WHO/UNICEF (2010) Diarrhea: Why Children are Still Dying and What can be Done.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUTSIN-MA, KATSINA STATE - Copyright 2020