David Tobi Olaleye, E. A. Obayelu, O. O. Ogunmola


This study examined the efficiency of urban farming households in Oyo state Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 159 farm households. A Structured questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-economic characteristics, quantities and prices of inputs and outputs from the respondents. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA). Results revealed that 84.9% of the respondents were male; the average household size, age, farm experience, farm size, years of formal education and monthly income were 6 persons, 49.6 years, 16.2 years, 1.1 hectares, 13.5 years and N11,902.50 respectively. The SFA revealed that 84.7%, 94.6% and 89.7% of the respondents were economically, technically and allocatively respectively. Furthermore, cultivated farmland (β = 0.2, p<0.05) and seeds (β = 0.9, p<0.01) increased urban farmers’ technical efficiency while years of formal education (β = 2.1, p<0.05) reduced technical efficiency and return to scale was 1.3. Also, prices of labour (β = 0.4, p<0.01) and cultivated farmland (β = 0.2, p<0.01) enhanced farmers’ allocative efficiency. The study concluded that respondents can still improve their levels of efficiency. Therefore inputs such as cultivatable farm land and seeds should be made available to farmers in order to improve their efficiency.

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