EFFICIENCY OF URBAN FOOD CROP FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

David Tobi Olaleye, E. A. Obayelu, O. O. Ogunmola

Abstract


This study examined the efficiency of urban farming households in Oyo state Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 159 farm households. A Structured questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-economic characteristics, quantities and prices of inputs and outputs from the respondents. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA). Results revealed that 84.9% of the respondents were male; the average household size, age, farm experience, farm size, years of formal education and monthly income were 6 persons, 49.6 years, 16.2 years, 1.1 hectares, 13.5 years and N11,902.50 respectively. The SFA revealed that 84.7%, 94.6% and 89.7% of the respondents were economically, technically and allocatively respectively. Furthermore, cultivated farmland (β = 0.2, p<0.05) and seeds (β = 0.9, p<0.01) increased urban farmers’ technical efficiency while years of formal education (β = 2.1, p<0.05) reduced technical efficiency and return to scale was 1.3. Also, prices of labour (β = 0.4, p<0.01) and cultivated farmland (β = 0.2, p<0.01) enhanced farmers’ allocative efficiency. The study concluded that respondents can still improve their levels of efficiency. Therefore inputs such as cultivatable farm land and seeds should be made available to farmers in order to improve their efficiency.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, F.F. and Abah, P.O. (2014). Determinants of Food Security among Low-income Households in Maiduguri Metropolis of Borno State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humainities. 3(1) p.4-86

Akinbode, S.O., Dipeolu, A.O. and Ayinde, I.A. (2011). An Examination of Technical, Allocative and Economic Efficiencies in Ofada Rice Farming in Ogun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 6(28) p.6027-6035

Binns, J.A. and Nel, E. 2014. The Significance of Urban Agriculture in Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods in Response to Economic Restructuring in Zambia’s Copperbelt Province. Global Education Programme International Development Research Fund Final Report p. 112

Coelli T., Rahman S. and Thirtle C. (2002). Technical, allocative, cost and scale efficiencies in Bangladesh rice cultivation: A Non-parametric approach. J. Agric. Econ., 53(3) p.607-627

Daud S.A., Omotayo A.O., Aremu A.O. and Omotoso A.B. (2018). Rural Infrastructure and Profitability of Food Crop Production in Oyo State, Nigeria. Applied Ecology and Enviromental Research 16(4) p.4655-4665

Dhungana B.R., Nuthall P.L. and Nartea G.V. (2004). Measuring the Economic Inefficiency of Nepalese Rice Farms using Data Envelopment Analysis. The Australia Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 48(2) p.347-369.

Färe R., Grosskopf S. and Lovell C.A.K. (1994). Production frontiers, Cambridge, Cambridge University press p. 1-15

Farrell, M.J. (1957). The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Journal of Royal Statistical Society. 120(3) p.253-290

Fasasi, A.R. (2007). Technical Efficiency in Food Crop Production in Oyo State, Nigeria: Journal of Humanity and Ecology. 22(3) p.245-249

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) 1984. The State of Food and Agriculture 1984. Rome, Italy p.1-209

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) 2012. Growing Greener Cities in Africa, Rome, Italy p.1-116

Kenneth, L., Roy, M., Tony, B., Paul, T. and Kabba, B. 2013. Meeting the Urban Challenge? Urban Agriculture and Food Security in Post-conflict Freetown, Sierra Leone. Journal of Applied Geography. 36(1) p.31-39

Kirkley J.D., Squires D. and Strand I. (1995). “Assessing technical efficiency in commercial fisheries: The Mid-Atlantic Sea Scallop fishery”. Am. J. Agric. Econ., 77(1) p.686-697

May M. and Fortunate C. 2011. Home Gardening as a Coping Strategy for Urban and Peri Urban Households: The Case of Mutare City, Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe during the 2008 hyperinflation period. Proceeding of IFPRI Conference on Agricultural Productivity and Food Security, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia p.13-25

National Population Commission (NPC) (2016). Popuplation Projection Results, Abuja, Nigeria. https://www.citypopulation.de/php/nigeria-admin.php?adm1id=NGA031

Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) 2009. Demand for the Review of the National Minimum Wage and General Wage Review: p.1-7

Obayelu, A.E. 2012. Comparative Analysis of Household’s Socioeconomic and Demographic Characteristics and Food Security Status in Urban and Rural Areas of Kwara and Kogi States of North-Central Nigeria, African Journal of Food, Agriculture Nutrition and Development. 12(3) p.6027-6054

Rao, D.S.P., O’Donnell, C.J.O. and Battese, G.E. (2004). Metafrontier Functions for the Study of Inter-regional Productivity Differences. A Working Paper Series by Centre for Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. School of Economics University of Queensland St. Lucia, Qld. 4072 Australia p.1-37

Rodríguez D.J.A., Camacho P. and López L.R. (2004). Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Studies of Irrigation Efficiency in Analusia. J. Irrigation Drainage Engineering, 130(1) p.175-183

Sivarajah P. (2017) Farm Efficiency Measurement of Paddy Production in Northern Sri Lanka Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Approach. International Journal of Research- Granthaalayah 5(9) p.164-170

Zezza, A. and Tasciotti, L. 2010. Urban Agriculture, Poverty and Food Security: Empirical Evidence from a Sample of Developing Countries Journal of Food Policy. 35(4) p.265-273


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUTSIN-MA, KATSINA STATE - Copyright 2020