SANI IDRIS, M. Adamu, M. M. Maiyaki, A. T. Mahmud, M. A. Haruna


Higher water and nutrient retention of vertisols make it an important soil order with greater potentials for intensified agricultural production, especially in Sahel and Sudan Savannah; where rainfall is inadequate and erratic, as well as poor soil nutrient base. Hence, its utilization begs for research intervention for sustainable management. One hundred and twenty (120) each of composite and core samples were collected from the eastern part of Jigawa state (Longitude 12. 14 – 12. 69˚N; Latitude 9. 54 – 10. 21˚ E) at three varying depths: 0 – 30, 30 – 60 and 60 – 90 cm. The samples were prepared and analysed employing standard procedures. Result after statistically analysis showed that, the Vertisols pH status ranged from moderately acidic at the surface (0 – 30 cm) through slightly acidic (30 – 60 cm) and moderately alkaline (60 – 90 cm). Organic carbon, total nitrogen and available phosphorus were low in all the depths. Most of the exchangeable bases were medium to high and a medium cation exchange capacity throughout. The Vertisols was texturally sandy clay loam throughout, highly aggregated and low in permeability. It can be inferred that, Vertisols in the Sudan Savannah Zone of Nigeria has good production potential to rice and Wheat crops. But maize and tomato could not thrive well due to little permeability observed, which indicates waterlogging tendency. However, complimentary application of organic and mineral fertilizers is required to argument its nutrient reserve for optimum and sustained production. Incorporation of crop residue and off

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