EVALUATION OF EFFECT OF FIVE SELECTED ANTIBIOTICS ON GROWTH OF WHITE AND YELLOW MAIZE VARIETIES

Barka Peter Mshelmbula, G. F. Akomolafe, S. Bello, P. M. Jonah

Abstract


The toxic and adaptive mutagenic effects of five aminoglycoside antibiotics (ampliclox, tetracycline, septrin, amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin) on germination and growth of white and yellow maize varieties were investigated. Seeds were subjecting to different concentrations of the antibiotics (0%, 0.0005%, 0.005%, 0.05%, 0.5% and 1%) and rinsed in distilled water before planting directly into the soil. The experimental design adopted was Completely Randomized Design with four replicates each. The phytotoxic impact of these antibiotics varied with the maize varieties and different concentrations used. All the maize seeds subjected to 1% of all the antibiotics had lower rates of germinations except for 1% ampliclox and control. It was found that both white and yellow maize varieties treated with the lower concentrations (0.0005 and 0.05%) of the antibiotics especially ampliclox exhibited highest amount of number of leaves, dry weight, number of days to flowering and number of grains while higher concentrations (0.5 and 1%) had limiting effects on the maize plants. The present study thus show that ampiclox drug had the highest percentage rate, highest number of leaves, dry weight, number of days to flowering and number of grains  at lower concentration compared to the other drugs at the same concentration among the yellow and white maize varieties.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adekayode, F.O and Ogunkoya, M. O. (2010). The effect of quantity and placement distances of inorganic15-15-15 fertilizer in improving soil fertility status and the performance and yield of maize in tropical rainforest zone of Nigeria. Journal of soil science and environmental management. 1(17):155-163 .

Baguer, A. J., Jensen, J., & Krogh, P. H. (2000). Effects of the antibiotics oxytetracycline and tylosin on soil fauna. Chemosphere, 40(7), 751-757.

Brain, R. A., Hanson, M. L., Solomon, K. R., & Brooks, B. W. (2008). Aquatic plants exposed to pharmaceuticals: effects and risks. In Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology 67-115: Springer.

Chandra, N., & Tarar, J. (1988). Effect of mutagens on seed germination in Gloriosa superba LINN. Indian Journal of Botany, 11(1): 11-16.

Farkas, M. H., Berry, J. O., & Aga, D. S. (2007). Chlortetracycline detoxification in maize via induction of glutathione S-transferases after antibiotic exposure. Environmental science & technology, 41(4): 1450-1456.

Ghava, K., Rathod, M., & Dhale, D. (2015). Effect of antibiotics on seed germination and root elongation of wheat. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 4(1): 516-527.

Gulkowska, A., Leung, H. W., So, M. K., Taniyasu, S., Yamashita, N., Yeung, L. W., . . . Lam, P. K. (2008). Removal of antibiotics from wastewater by sewage treatment facilities in Hong Kong and Shenzhen, China. Water research, 42(1-2): 395-403.

Ikhajiagbe, B., Mgbeze, GC and Omoregbee, O (2015). Toxicity and adaptive mutation effect of selected aminoglycoside antibiotics on germination parameters of soybean (glycine max). 30th Annual Conf. of Genetics Society of Nigeria held at Bishop Kelly Past. Centre, Airport Road, Benin City, Nigeria

Jjemba, P. K. (2002). The effect of chloroquine, quinacrine, and metronidazole on both soybean plants and soil microbiota. Chemosphere, 46(7): 1019-1025.

Kong, W., Zhu, Y., Liang, Y., Zhang, J., Smith, F., & Yang, M. (2007). Uptake of oxytetracycline and its phytotoxicity to alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Environmental Pollution, 147(1): 187-193.

Kümmerer, K. (2001). Drugs in the environment: emission of drugs, diagnostic aids and disinfectants into wastewater by hospitals in relation to other sourcesa review. Chemosphere, 45(6-7), 957-969.

Liu, F., Ying, G.-G., Tao, R., Zhao, J.-L., Yang, J.-F., & Zhao, L.-F. (2009). Effects of six selected antibiotics on plant growth and soil microbial and enzymatic activities. Environmental Pollution, 157(5): 1636-1642.

Marguiles, M.M. (1962). Effect of Chloramphenicol on light-dependent development of seedlings of Phaseolus vulgaris var. Black Valentine, with particular reference to development of photosynthetic activity. Plant Physiol. 37 (4): 473 – 480

Marguiles, M.M. (1964). Effect of Chloramphenicol on light-dependent synthesis of proteins and enzymes of leaves and chloroplasts of Phaseolus vulgaris. Plant Physiol. 39 (4)579 – 585

Mshelmbula BP, Mensah JK, Ikhaijiagbe B (2012). Comparative assessment of the mutagenic effect of sodium azide and some selected growth and yield parameter of five accession of cowpea –TVU- 365, TVU251- TVU3485and TVU3574 and TVU3615. Archives of Applied Science Research. 4(4):1682-169.

Renew, J. E., and Huang, C.-H. (2004). Simultaneous determination of fluoroquinolone, sulfonamide, and trimethoprim antibiotics in wastewater using tandem solid phase extraction and liquid chromatographyelectrospray mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 1042(1-2): 113-121.

Rooklidge, S. J. (2004). Environmental antimicrobial contamination from terraccumulation and diffuse pollution pathways. Science of the Total Environment, 325(1-3): 1-13.

Sarmah, A. K., Meyer, M. T., & Boxall, A. B. (2006). A global perspective on the use, sales, exposure pathways, occurrence, fate and effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) in the environment. Chemosphere, 65(5): 725-759.

Yang, S., Cha, J., & Carlson, K. (2005). Simultaneous extraction and analysis of 11 tetracycline and sulfonamide antibiotics in influent and effluent domestic wastewater by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 1097(1-2): 40-53.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUTSIN-MA, KATSINA STATE - Copyright 2019