DETERMINATION OF FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM INFECTION AMONG H

Gideon Yakusak Benjamin, I. H. Inabo, I. H. Doko, O. B. Olayinka

Abstract


Malaria is a significant public health problem, especially in developing countries including Nigeria. This research aimed to determine the association between some demographic factors and malaria in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Blood samples were collected from 300 participants and screened for malaria parasites using microscopy. Relevant information was obtained by administration of structured questionnaires. Occupants of compound houses had malaria prevalence of 25.0% which was higher than the 19.4% prevalence found among occupants of self-contained apartments. Higher malaria prevalence (31.8%) was found among married participants than participants who were single (16.0%) and divorced (12.5%). The association between malaria prevalence and marital status was statistically significant (p<0.05). Participants in families with 16-20 children had the highest prevalence (50.0%). Those in monogamous families had a lower prevalence (21.5%) than those in polygamous families with 27.6%. In conclusion, marital status was the only factor found to be significantly associated with malaria. Therefore, appropriate public awareness and interventions should target this group in Kaduna State.


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