PREVALENCE OF MALARIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER, ZARIA, KADUNA STATE

Munirat A. Shaibu, K. Aliyu, E. B. Igiri, O. M. Otori

Abstract


Malaria is a protozoan disease that poses public health challenges in Nigeria. Inadequate diagnostic test of malaria is responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates in rural areas of Sub-Sahara Africa. This study aimed at the prevalence of malaria among pregnant women attending Ahmadu Bello University Medical Centre (ABUMC), Zaria. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 pregnant women attending ABUMC, Zaria. About 2ml of blood was collected through venipuncture into EDTA bottle from the study population from June to August, 2015 and tested for the presence of malaria parasites using microscopy. Prior to sample collection, a structured questionnaire was administered to obtain some socio-demographic and risk factors associated with the disease. A total of 100 pregnant women participated in the study. The overall prevalence of malaria infection among these studied subjects was 60%.  Higher prevalence of malaria was recorded among the age group below 15 years (100%), genotype AA (65.7%), those that were unemployed (60.5%), those with secondary education (68.4%) and those in their first trimester of pregnancy (70%). There was no significant difference in prevalence of malaria according to age group (χ2 = 6.403, p = 0.380). This study reported a high prevalence of malaria among antenatal pregnant women attending ABUMC, Zaria. Effort should be made to provide free bed nets to pregnant women on their first antenatal visit and scale-up intermittent preventive treatment of pregnant women for malaria.


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