PREVALENCE OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS (AIV) (SUBTYPE A/H5N1) IN COMMERCIAL POULTRY FARMS IN JOS SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Danjuma Gwamzhi, S. G. Dasat

Abstract


An investigation to determine the prevalence rate of Avian Influenza virus (AIV) sub type A/H5N1 among birds in five selected commercial poultry farms located in Jos south Local Government Area of Plateau State was conducted. A total of 200 swab samples (comprising of 40 from each site) collected from the trachea and cochlea of the birds were analyzed using standardIsolation/serology methods for the isolation and identification of the virus. Out of the 200 samples analyzed, 68 were found to be positive with Avian Influenza virus subtype A/H5N1 representing 34% overall prevalence rate. Samples analyzed from Rantya had the highest prevalence rate as 34 out of the 40 had Avian Influenza virus (AIV) sub type A/H5N1 representing 85% prevalent rate. This was closely followed by samples from Federal Low coast with 19 cases representing 47 %. Samples from Ray field had the lowest cases of the viruses as only 3 out of the 40 had the Influenza virus representing 7.5%. A failed biosafety measure has been identified as a major contributing factor in the spread of Avian Influenza virus among poultry birds. To this end, the adoption of biosafety measures among others could curtail the spread of the virus among poultry farms.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adene, D. F., Wakawa, A.M; Abdu, P.A; Lombin, L.H; Kazeem, H.M; Saidu, L, &Oguntade, A.E. (2006). An overview of Poultry Production in Nigeria.

AICP (2011). Avian Influenza control project. A paper presented at a one day workshop for commercial poultry farmers June 14 Held at Universal Basic Education Conference Hall, Adamawa State; Nigeria.

Alexander, D.J. (2000). A review of avian influenza in different bird species. J.Vet.Microbio.74.(1-2:2-13).

Baigent, S.I. &Macanley, J.W. (2003). Inflenza type A in humans, Mammals and birds: determinants of virus virulence, host- range and interspecies transmission. Bioassays; 25:657-71

Balami, A.G.; Abdu, P.A.; Baina, G.S. & Assam, A. (2014). Evidence of antibody to H5 Subtype avian influenza virus in commercial layer farms in Jos; Nigeria. Adv. Animal. Vet. Sci2(9) : 524- 9

Beato, M.S. &Capna, I. (2011). Transboundary Spread of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza through Poultry Commodities and wild birds. Rev. Sci. Tech. 30 (1): 51- 61

Bellow, M; Bala, M.L. &Mohammed, S. (2008). Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5 N1) in Bauchi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science 7 (5): 450 – 445

Cardona, C; Charlon, B, &Woolcock, P.R. (2006). Persistence of Immunity in egg laying hens following vaccination with a killed H6 N2 avian influenza vaccine. Avian Diseases, 50 (3): 324 – 327.

CDC (2014). Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).Avian flu http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu. Retrieved on the 10/1/2009

Doran, P. (2006). Scientific Seminar on Avian influenza, the environment and Migratory birds; Held at UN office Nairobi, Kenya April 10 -11 http:/www.iisda.ca/YMB/AIS/.

Durosinlorun, A; Umoh, J.U; Abdu, P.A, &Ajogi, I. (2012). Serological evidence of infection with H5subtype influenza virus in apparently healthy local chickens in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Avian Diseases, 54 (1): 365 – 368.

FAO (2006). FAO’s response to avian influenza crisis http:/wwww.fao.org/avianflu/documents/ albriefself. Retrieved on 12/7/2018

Heeney, J.L. (2006). Zoonotic viral diseases and the frontier of early diagnosis, control and prevention. J.Inten med.260:399-408

Joannis, T.M, Lombin, L.H; De Benedicts, P, Cattoli, G; Capua, I. (2006). Confirmation of H5 N1avian influenza in Africa. Vet. Rec. 158 (9): 309 – 10

Monne, I; Joannis, T.M; Fasaro, A; Benedicts, P.; Lombin L.H; Ularamu, H; Egbuji; A; Solomon, P; Obi, T.U; Cattoli, G. & Capua, I. (2008) Reassessment of avian influenza virus (H5 N1) in Poultry, Nigeria. Emerging infectious Diseases, 14(4): 637- 640

OIE (2004). Avian influenza in: Office International des Epizooties manual of diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals.International des Epizooties2:1-27.

Oluwayalu, D.O., Aiki, R. C.O., Bebe, C. &Ahmadu, O.(2011). Prevalence of Avian Origin H5 and H7 Influenza virus Antibodies in Dogs in Ibadan and Shagamu, South western Nigeria. Afri. J. Biomed. Res. 14:23-26

Saidu,L., Wakawa, P.A., Abdu, R.B., Miko,M.Y.,Fatihu, J. Adamu, J.&Mamman, P.H. (2008). Impact of Avian Influenza in some States in Nigeria. Int.J. Poult. 7 (9):913-916.

Tombari, W, Paul, M; Bettaib, J. Larbi, I. Nsiri, J. Elbehi, I. Gribaa, L. &Ghram, A. (2013). Risk factors and characteristics of law pathogen Avian Influenza virus Isolated from commercial poultry in Tunisia. Journal Pone.8(1).

UNDP(2006). The United Nations Development Programme Paper Presentation on the Socio-Economic Impacts of Avian Influenza Outbreaks on Small Scale Producers in Indonesia.

Wakawa, A. M; Abdu, P.A; Oladele, S.B; Saildu, L. &Owoade, A. A. (2012). Surveillance for avian influenza H5 antibodies and viruses in commercial chicken farms in Kano State, Nigeria. International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 4(5): 321 – 325.

WHO (2007). Cumulative number of confirmed human cases of Avian influenza A (H5 N1) reported to /country/case-table-2007-08-23/en/index.html)

WHO (2014). Avian Influenza (“bird flu”) fact sheet (Online):WHO; Available at http://www.who.ht/mediacenter/factsheets/avianinfluenza/en/human. Retrieved on 16/12/2018.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUTSIN-MA, KATSINA STATE - Copyright 2019