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Author Guidelines

Manuscripts should mainly include the following sections: Title page, abstract (250 words max), main body (introduction, theoretical framework, method, results and discussion, conclusion recommendations), and references.

General steps:

  1. The manuscript should be 8 to 10 pages excluding title page, abstract, references and annex.
  2. The preferred font of the Journal is Times New Roman. The font size is 12 with single space.   
  3. APA (American Psychological Association) is used as the method in sources citation process. Details about APA 6th format can be found here: 
  4. All documents should be submitted as MS Word (compatibility mode) ‘doc’ file.
  5. All submission should be submitted to the OJS system by registering as an author, from this link:

1.       Title

The title should be concise and describe the contents of the paper. It should be typed in ‘upper-case’ letters. The ‘title page’ should include the authors' full names (surname first, followed by initial(s)), e.g. Jari, S. and Ogbodo, J.A. with their respective affiliations. The name of the corresponding author should be identified by the use of asterisk with phone number and a functional               e-mail address.

 2.       Abstract

The Abstract should be informative, concise and self-explanatory. It should not be more than 250 words; justified with single line spacing. The abstract should capture the content of the paper including the methods used and the principal results. No literature should be cited within the abstract.

 3.       Key words

Following the abstract, five key words should be provided.

 4.       Introduction

The Introduction should clearly provide a significance of the study, problem statement, relevant literature on the subject issue, and the proposed approach of the study. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

 5.       Materials and methods

This section should be complete and clear enough to allow experiments to be replicated. However, truly novel procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of these procedures should be described. Trade names should be capitalized.    Sub-headings should be used where appropriate.

6.       Results and discussion

This section should contain results and discussion. However, authors are at liberty to present the two separately.  Results should be presented with clarity and precision using figures, tables, charts, etc., where necessary. In case where the results are separated from the discussion, the results should be presented without making reference to the literature. The discussion should interpret the findings of the research and where necessary, should include a critical comparison with previously reported findings.

 Result Presentation formats

 a.              Tables

Tables should be self-explanatory and positioned appropriately within the text. Vertical lines should be avoided. A short descriptive title (in sentence case) should be provided at the top of every table. All tables should be numbered using Arabic numerals. The same data should not be presented in tabular and graphical form, or repeated in the text.

 b.              Figures

Figures should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution graphics such as GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting on the prepared manuscripts. Titles should be in sentence case, and placed below the figures. The figures should be numbered serially using Arabic numerals.

 6. Conclusion and recommendations

This section should contain the answers to the research questions (or specific objectives met) and concise conclusion(s) for the study drawn. Recommendations for future research direction with respective to the present could be preferred in this section. 

 7. Acknowledgements

Acknowledgments (if any) should be brief.

 8.    References

The American Psychology Association (APA) system of referencing should be used. Citations in the text should be by author’s surname and year of publication and separated with a comma, if the citation is not part of the narration: e.g. (Hamzat, 2010), (Tukur and Ogbodo, 2012), (Ayatse et al., 2014).                     If the citation is part of the narration, provide the author’s name and the year of publication in bracket, e.g. Aruwayo (2012) and Adeola and Hamzat (2014).         Where there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ‘et al.’ e.g. Jari et al., (2013). In the event that a cited author has two or more works published in the same year, the reference (both in the text and in the reference list) should be identified by lower case letters          (‘a’ or ‘b’) after the date to distinguish the works, e.g. (Bichi, 2015a, b).

References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Unpublished information cited in the text should not be included in the reference list, but should only be mentioned in the text, e.g. (Ibrahim, H.Y., Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria, personal communication, March 30, 2011).

 a.       Journal

Journal articles should be referenced as follows:

Fadimu, O.Y., Idowu, O.T.H. and Ipinlaye, S.J. (2014). Studies on the dormancy and germination of stony fruits of Hog plum (Spondias mombin) in response to different pre – soaking treatments.  International Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(6), 57-62.

 b.       Textbooks

Textbooks should be documented as exemplified below.

Eleanya, K. (2012). Data analysis using SPSS for farm managers, Ibadan, Nigeria: McMillian Publishers.

 c.        Edited books (No Author)

Tukur, H. M., and Olatinwo, L. (Eds.). (2013). Poor man cow: sheep and goat. Dutsin-Ma, Nigeria: FUDMA Press Publishers.

d.       Edited book (with an Author)

Jamala, G. (2010). Dictionary of Silviculture (Ed.). Yola, Nigeria: Spectrums Inc.

 e.       Chapter in a book

Chapters in a book should be documented as exemplified below.

Ogbodo, J.A.; Egbuche, C. T. and Arodudu, O.T.; (2014). Detecting logging roads and clearcuts in Congo with TerraSAR and RADARSAT data.  In: Climate Change and Forest Ecosystems/editors: Silvia Lac and Mark P. McHenry, Nova Science Publishers Inc. pp 71 - 88, New York, USA.

 f.          Conference proceedings

Conference proceedings materials should be documented as exemplified below.

Dauda, A.B., Dasuki, A. and Bichi, A.H. (2014).  Analysis of constraints to aquaculture development in Katsina state, Nigeria. In: P. O. Idisi, B. Okoye, E. E. Idu, A. A. Njidda, R. A. Oluwafemi and O. C. P. Agubosi (Eds.). Emerging issues in agricultural transformation in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 48th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN), Abuja, Nigeria,       pp 14-21.

 g. Website sources

(i)       Referencing a webpage that list no author


All rice farmers are to benefit from BOA loans in Katsina. (2010, October 26). Retrieved from

 (ii)     Referencing a webpage that list author(s)

Materials gotten from the website should be referenced as follows:

UNFCCC - United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change. (2011). The Marrakesh Declaration. First draft, Available from, Last accessed 16 June, 2012.

 i.       Newspaper articles

 (i)         Non-print source

Adeosun J. A.  (1999, June 12). The Implication of June 12 and crop production in Nigeria. Daily Times. Retrieved from

 (ii)       In – print source

Jam, D. (2012, March 20). FUDMA barns the sale of handouts to students. Nigerian Punch, P. 5.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. As part of the submission process, authors are required to cross-check that their  submissions comply with the following:

    1. The submission has not been previously published, nor it is being considered by any other Journal,
    2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word doc. file format.
    3. The contents have followed the author's guideline of FUDMA-JAAT. 

    Any submissions  that is not in line with the above stated guidelines will be returned to authors' concerned by the Managing Editors.


Copyright Notice

The lead author must sign the copyright form and return to the Editor- in-Chief of FUDMA-JAAT accepting of orginality and transfer of copyright to FUDMA-JAAT before the artilcle can be published in this Journal.

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