ANALYSIS OF FOOD SECURITY AND FOOD DIVERSITY AMONG AGRO-PASTORALISTS IN BARKIN-LADI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA

S. T. FOLORUNSO, O S AMADU, A K ADENIYI

Abstract


This study analyzed the food security status and food diversity among agro-pastoralists in Barkin-Ladi local government area of Plateau state, Nigeria. Data used for this study was collected from a total of 230 agro-pastoralists’ households with the use of structured questionnaire using a multi stage random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics, Foster Greer Thorbeek (FGT) Food Security Index (FSI), Home Dietary Diversity Score (HDD) and Logit Regression Models were used for the study. The result of socio-economic characteristics revealed that the mean age of agro-pastoralists household heads was 38 years, the male household heads constituted 56% while the female headed households constituted 44%. The result further indicated that 78% of the agro-pastoralists were married while 18% were singles, 2% were divorced and 2% were single parents, the mean years spent by agro-pastoralists on education was 7 years, the mean household size was 5 persons, the mean farming experience was 17 years and  67% of the respondents had farming as their primary source of income while 33% had other secondary sources of income. FGT food security index result shows that 67% of the agro-pastoralists’ households were food secure. Household dietary diversity score result shows that 95%of the households had high food dietary diversity score. The result further indicated that food secure households had high dietary diversity. Food secure households had higher dietary diversity index. The F-statistics and the log-likelihood were significant at 1%,all the variables included explained 65% of the variation in food security status of the households while the average marginal effect was 0.53. The major production constraints encountered by the agro-pastoralists were access to loan, high cost of input and lack of extension services. It is recommended that Production inputs should be subsidized by Government to the agro-pastoralists in order to boost both crop and livestock production, efforts should be made by the government at all level at developing policies and programmes that will enhance increased food and livestock production.


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