ANALYSIS OF MEAT CONSUMPTION AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN JOS METROPOLIS, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA.

S. T. FOLORUNSO, A K ADENIYI, O S AMADU

Abstract


This study estimated households’ demand structure for meat consumption in Jos metropolis of Plateau state, Nigeria using household consumption data elicited from a sample size of 274 households using multistage random sampling method through the use of a well-structured questionnaire in line with the objectives of the study. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Multiple regression and LA-AIDS models. The results of the data analysis indicated that the households monthly budget share on various sources of meat was 0.563 which indicates that the households spends 56% of their monthly food expenditure on meat consumption. Also, the order of households’ meat type preference was; Beef (27%) Chicken (24%) and Pork (17%); the factors that significantly influenced the households’ meat type preference were Age, gender, Marital status, Education status, Household size, Household income and Households’ expenditure. The budget share of beef decreased with an increase in the price of chicken and vice versa, but increased with an increase in its own price, the budget share of chevon, chicken and mutton increased with an increase in their own prices respectively. The budget share of pork increased with an increase in the price of mutton but it decreased with an increase in its own price. Also, one percent change in prices of Beef, Chevon and Chicken resulted in 0.0006 %, 0.000%2 and 0.0003% reduction in the quantity demanded of these meat types respectively. The result revealed that all the meat product was price inelastic. Mutton and pork were confirmed to be luxury goods while chicken, beef and chevon were normal goods for households in Jos metropolis, Plateau State, Nigeria.  It is recommended that; Price intervention programmes should be introduced by the government at various levels in order to stabilize the fluctuating meat prices, households should be encouraged to embark on backyard raising of livestock in order to encourage animal protein consumption and reduce market price, more private sector investment in livestock business could be stimulated given the result of elasticities of demand for meat.


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