Study on growth performance of the Tiv and the Fulani chickens of Nigeria was undertaken to investigate genetic diversity between the two populations. The study was carried out at the Livestock Teaching and Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, Nasarawa State University Keffi. A total of 110 birds comprising of 10 hens and 1 cock from each of five randomly selected locations for the Tiv and the Fulani chicken ecotypes were purchased and used as the base population. A mating ratio of 1:10 was applied to generate the experimental birds. After hatching, 538 (354 Tiv and 184 Fulani) chicks were generated. The birds were raised according to their ecotype in five replicate each.  Data were collected on body weight, body weight gain, growth rate, feed conversion ratio and mortality rate. The data were subjected to appropriate statistical analysis using the SPSS statistical package. The results indicate that the mean body weight and feed intake of the two ecotypes increased with age until maturity.The coefficient of variation for parameters measured displayed moderate to high variabilities in each ecotype. Growth rate considered at weekly interval was highest at 11-12 and 16-20 weeks for the Fulani and Tiv ecotypes, respectively. The Fulani ecotype had lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) compared to the Tiv ecotype. Significant (P<0.05) chick mortality rate was observed more in the Tiv ecotype compared to the Fulani ecotype at week 5-9 but thereafter mortality rate decreased with age in both ecotypes. From the findings of this study, it was concluded that the Tiv and the Fulani chicken ecotypes are distinct genetic groups with sufficient genetic variabilities between them to justify the use of selection tool to bring about genetic improvement in both ecotypes. Heterotic advantage can be exploited through cross breeding between the two groups. Given the promising potentials of the Fulani ecotypes, it is recommended as ecotype of choice for development as meat-type chicken.

Full Text:



Aboul-Hassan, M. A. (2001). Crossbreeding Effects on some Growth and Egg Production Traits among two Strains of Japanese Quail. Al-Azhar Journal of Agricultural Research, 34:41-57.

Aboul-Seoud, D. I. M. (2008). Divergent Selection for Growth and Egg Production Traits in Japanese Quail. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. of Agrc. Al-Azhar Univ. 159 pp.

Adedokun, S. D. and Sonaiya, E. B. (2001). Comparisons of the performance of Nigerian chickens from three agro-ecological zones. Livestock research for rural development 13:2.

Al-Marzooqi, W., Al-Maskari, Z. A. S., Johnson, E. H., Al-Kharousi, K., Mahgoub, O., Al Saqri, N. M. and El-Tahir, Y. (2019). Comparative Evaluation of Growth Performance, Meat Quality and Intestinal Development of Indigenous and Commercial Chicken Strains. International Journal of Poultry Science, 18 (4): 174-180

Anang, A., Michenz, N. and Scuher, L. (2001). Monthly model for genetic evaluation of laying hens. I. fixed regression. British poultry science 42: 191-196.

Dafwang, I. I. (2006). Nutrient Requirement and Feeding Regimen in Quail Production. A paper presented at national workshop on quail production for sustainable household protein intake (NAERLS), Ahmadu Bello University Zaria September 11-13. PP. 12-19.

Dorji, J., Tamang, S., T. and Dorji, T. Y. (2017). Morphometric variations of native chicken types in backyard farms of Bhutan. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 29, Article #175. Retrieved June 20, 2020, from

Essien, A. I. and Joy, A. M. (2003). Live Weight Predictability of intensively managed Nigerian local chicken using body measurements. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of Agricultural Society of Nigeria held in University of Calabar. 420 424.

FAO (2019). Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nation – Statistical pocketbook 2019. Rome.

Gwaza, D. S., Dim, N. I. and Momoh, O. M. (2015). Morphology and genetic resources of Nigerian local chicken, 1st edition. Lap Lambert Academic Publishers, Deutschland, Germany. 169 Pp.

Halima, H. (2007). Phenotypic and genetic characterization of local chicken population inNorth West Ethopia. PhD thesis, University of the Free State.Bloemfontein, South Africa. 175 pp

Mancha, Y. P. (2004). Characterization of Local Chickens in Northern part of the Jos Plateau. Ph.D Thesis Animal Prodcution Programme, School of Agriculture, AbubakarTafawaBalewa University, Bauchi. 86 Pp.

Momoh, O. M. (2005). Genetic and phenotype evaluation of the Nigerian heavy chicken ecotype and its crossbreds with light ecotype. Ph.D thesis, Univ. of Nigeria Nsukka, 104 Pp.

Ifeanyichukwu, U. (2017). Genetic parameters for some growth traits of Nigerian local chickens. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 33(1): 65-71

Ndofor-Foleng, H. M., Vivian, O. O., Musongong, G. A., Ohageni, J. and Duru, U. E. (2015). Evaluation of growth and reproductive traits of Nigerian local chicken and exotic chicks. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 49(2):155-160 ISSN: 0976-0555

NiMET (2008). Nigerian Meteorological Agency, LafiaNasarawa state.

Olowofeso, O., Wang, J.Y., Dai, G.J., Yang, Y., Mekki, D.M., and Musa, H. H. (2005). Measurement of genetic parameters within and between Haimen chicken populations using microsatellite markers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 4: 143-148.

SPSS, (Statistical Package for Social science) (2011). SPSS Inc., (14) 444 Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 6061, 2004.

Tadelle, D. and Ogle, B. (2001). Village chicken production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Animal Health and Production 33:521-537.

Tadelle, D., Kijora, C. and Peters, K. J. (2003). Indigenous chicken ecotypes in Ethiopia: Growth and feed utilization potentials. International Journal Poultry Science, 2(2):144 -152.

Woanski, N. J., Renema, R. A., Robinson, F. E., Carney, V. L. and Fancher, B. I. (2006). Relationship between chick conformation and quality measures with early growth traits in males of eight selected pure or commercial broiler breeder strains Poultry Science, 85:1490 1497.


  • There are currently no refbacks.