The study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of foetal losses in cows slaughtered in Sokoto Modern Abattoir, Sokoto state Nigeria. A total of 1406 cattle were slaughtered in 12 weeks of the study with an average of 117 slaughtered cattle per week. data was obtained using physical examination and recording cases as it occurred via the check list of males and female cattle, pregnant and non pregnant, sex of the foetus and age of the foetus. Descriptive statistics was used to analysed the data. It was  revealed that 657 (46.72%) of the total number slaughter are male while 749(53.27%) were females. 24 (3.20% ) pregnant cows were slaughtered while 725 (96.80% ) were not pregnant. 91.70% of the recovered foetus after slaughter were single while 8.30% are twins. It was also revealed that 75%  of the foetus are females while 25% were males. The result also revealed that 87.5% of the recovered foetus were in the second trimester while 12.5% were in the first trimester. It is established that pregnant animal are been slaughtered without regard to the pregnancy, stage of pregnancy and animal welfare. Cows to be slaughtered should be diagnosed for pregnancy and policy should be put in place to ensure proper inspection and disallowing slaughtering pregnant cows as well payment of compensation to pregnant animal owner whom cannot keep them until their due for slaughter.

Full Text:



Abdulkadir, U. and S. A. Jiya (2008). Survey of Foetal Wastage: A Case Study of Makurdi Abattoir, Benue State, Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 7(3):450-452.

Aberle, E. D., Forrest J. C., Gerrard D. E. and E. W. Mills (2001).Principles of Meat Science, vol 4, Third edition. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, USA, Pp 92–95.

Adama, J. Y., Shiawoya E. L. and N. Michael (2011).Incidence of Foetal Wastages of Cows Slaughtered in Minna Abattoir, Niger state.Nigeria Journal of Applied Bioscience 42:2876–2881.

Addass, P. A., Midau A., Milka M. and M. A. Tizhe (2010).Assessment of Abattoir Foetal Wastage of Cattle, Sheep and Goat in Mubi main Abattoir Adamawa State.Nigeria World Journal of Agricultural Science 6(2):132–137.

Adeyemi, A. B., Adamu M., Dawuda P. M. and E. O. Oyedipe (2016).The Economic Implication of Foetal Wastage in Cattle, Sheep and GoatinMakurdi Abattoirs, Benue State, Nigeria.Nigerian Veterinary Journal 37(3).

Alabi, (1993).Antimortem and Postmortem Inspection of Food Animals. Paper presented at a workshop on meat inspection held at college of Agriculture and Animal Science, Mando road Kaduna, Pp: 23-30.

Alhaji, N. B. (2011). Prevalence and Economic Implication of Calf Foetal Wastage in an Abattoir in North central Nigeria.Tropical Animal Production and Animal Genetic Training Resource (2009).Tropical Animal Health Production. 43(3):587-90

Bokko, P. B. (2011). Pregnancy Wastage in Sheep and Goats in the Sahel Region of Nigeria.Nigerian Veterinary Journal 32(2), 120 – 126.

Cadmus, S. I. B. and H. K. Adesokan (2010). Bovine Foetal Wastage in South-western Nigeria: A Survey of some Abattoirs. Tropical Animal Health Production, 42(4):617–621.

FAO (2006b).State of World Food Insecurity.Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome, Italy.Retrieved from ftp//

Fayemi, P. O. and V. Muchenje (2012). Meat in African Context: From History to Science. Africa Journal of Biotechnology 11(6):1298–1306.

Garba, S., Hassan W. A. and B. T. Akingbemi (1992). Foetal Wastage through Slaughtering of Pregnant Cattles at Sokoto Abattoir, Tropical Veterinary,10: 123-126.

Gregory, N. G. and T. Grandin (2007).Animal Welfare and Meat Production, 2nd edition. CABI Int, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, Pp. 168–190.

Ibironke, A. (2010). Incidence of Foetal Wastage in Cattle Slaughtered at Oko-Oba Abattoir and LariageAgege, Lagos. Nigeria. Veterinary Research 3(1)54-55.

Mamman, A. B., Oyebanji J. O. and S. W. Peters (2000). Nigeria: A people united, A future assured. Survey of state Vol. 1(2).Gabumo publishing CO LTD., Calabar, Nigeria.Pp. 114.

Muhammad, B. F., Haruna I. Y., Abdulsamad A. M and J. MBichi(2009). Foetal Wastage in Northern Nigerian: The case of Gombe Abattoir, Gombe State. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of Animal Science (ACAS ’08). ABU, Zaria 13:124–127.

Nma, B. A. (2011). Prevalence and Economic Implications of Calf Foetal Wastage in an Abattoir in North Central Nigeria.Tropical Animal Health Production 43, 587 – 590.

Odeh, S. D, Dawudu P. M., Oyedipe E. O. and G. E. Obande (2015) Incidence of Foetal Wastage in Slaughtered Cattle at Wurukum Abattoir, Makurdi, Benue State. VomJournal of Veterinary Science, 10: 41-50.

Ojanuga, A.G. (2004). Agroecological Zones Maps of Nigeria.National Special Programme for Food Security, FAO-UNESCO.Pp 124.

Okoli C. G., Okoli I. C., Okorondu U. V. and M. N. Opara(2006). Environmental and Public Health Issues of Animal Food Products Delivery System in Imo State.Nigeria Online Journal Health and Allied Science 5(2):1–11.

Sanusi, M., Abubakar M. and B. Luka(2006). Incidence of Foetal Wastage in Ruminant Animals Slaughtered at Bauchi and Jos Abattoirs. Proceedings of 31st Annual Conference Nigeria Sociologyand Animal Production March 12–15. Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria 31:102–106.

SEPP (2006).Sokoto Environmental Protection Programme.MetrologicalData.Unpublished.

Shittu, A., Junaidu A.U., Chafe U.M., Magaji A. A., Faleke O.O., Salihu M.D., Jibril A. and M. A. Mahmud (2008). A Survey on Current Milk Production and Pricing in Sokoto State, Nigeria.Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences (2008). 7(1): 53-58.

Warriss, P. D. (2008). Meat Science: An Introductory Text (First Edition). CAB International, United Kingdom, Pp. 68–86.

Whitlock, B. K. and H. S. Maxwell (2008).Pregnancy-associated Glycoproteins and Pregnancy Wastage in cattle.Theriogenology, 70(3):550–559.


  • There are currently no refbacks.