PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOME HYDROMORPHIC SOILS AT FADAMA OF WASAI DAM, MINJIBIBIR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KANO STATE

U K ADAMU, A SANI, A K LAMIDO, R W ALIYU

Abstract


Research has consistently shown that Fadama soils lacks proper management which causes serious harm to human being due to the lack of qualitative and quantitative food supply. A study was carried out to investigate the physical properties of some hydromorphic soils at Fadama land of Wasai Dam Minjibir local government area of Kano state. This research aimed at evaluating soil’s physical properties of the area toward achieving food security through relating between hydromorphic soil and its productivity. The study area was divided into three regions; upstream, midstream and downstream. Ten different core samples were collected in each region within 0 – 15 cm depth. The samples were prepared and analyzed in the laboratory using standard procedures. The finding shows that soil colour of all the soil samples were predominantly dark brown and reddish brown when dry and moist respectively. There were no significant difference in terms of moisture content among the three regions (P>0.05) in the study area. There is significant difference in Bulk density with mean values of 1.521, 1.365 and 1.204 in the upstream, midstream and downstream respectively (P<0.05). There is no significant difference (P>0.05) in all three soil separates within the three regions of the study area. This signifies uniform texture of soil in the area. According to the soil textural triangle, the soil texture is generally sandy loam. Crop plants adaptable to high water saturation and low aeration should be cultivated on the Fadama land of the area to ensure food security.


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References


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