INFLUENCE OF LANDRACES AND WEED CONTROL METHODS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF BAMBARA GROUNDNUT (VIGNA SUBTERRANEA (L) VERDC.) IN NIGERIAN SAVANNA.

D M JIBRIN, A NAMAKKA, H MIKA

Abstract


Two field trials were conducted in 2019 wet seasons at the Teaching and Research Farm of Samaru College of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria located in the northern Guinea Savanna ecological zone of Nigeria and Institute for Agricultural Research Station, Minjibir, Kano state in the Sudan savannah ecological zone of Nigeria respectively. The treatments were factorially combined and laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three levels of bambara groundnut landraces (White seed coat with white eyes, white seed coat with black strip and white seed coat with brown strip) and five level of weed control methods (weedy check, hoe weeding at 3 WAS, hoe weeding at 6 WAS, hoe weeding at 3 and 6 WAS and fluazifop-P- butyl at 1.0 kg a.i ha-1) replicated thrice. The results indicated that white coat with brown strip bambara groundnut landrace significantly (P ≤ 0.05) recorded the highest value for stand count, number of pod weight plant-1 and pod yield (kg ha-1). Hoe weeding at 3 and 6 WAS produced significantly (P ≤ 0.05) the tallest plants, stand count, number of pod plant-1 and pod yield (kg ha-1) of bambara groundnut. Based on the results obtained, it is concluded that white coat with brown strip landrace is superior over other two landraces in term of growth and yield. However, the use of hoe weeding at 3 and 6 WAS controlled weed more effectively and result in better growth and yield of bambara groundnut in both locations.


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