ANALYSIS OF RICE FARMERS’ AWARENESS OF THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN KEBBI STATE, NORTHWEST NIGERIA

M O ORIFAH, M H SANI, N MURTALA, A A IBRAHIM

Abstract


This study assesses rice farmers’ awareness of the effects of climate change in Kebbi State, Northwest Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 198 respondents from whom data were collected using questionnaires. Data were analysed using frequencies, percentages, means, Chi-square and Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Majority of the respondents were between the ages of 30 and 59 years with an average age of 45 years. Majority were males (83.3%) and married (88.4%). Half of the respondents had formal education (50%). The mean household size, years of farming experience, farm size and yield/ha were 11 members, 18years, 1.72ha and 2.52 tons/ha respectively. Majority of the respondents were members of cooperative societies (85.9%) and had access to credit (81.8%). The study further revealed that majority of the respondents had extension contact (86.8%), and the prominent information sources were radio (84.2%), and extension agents (57.4%). On the overall, more than half (52.0%) of the respondents had high awareness of the effects of climate change while 48% had low awareness level. Insufficient farm credit, inadequate capital, high cost of raw materials, limited access to land and inadequate information on weather were the main constraints to adaptation to climate change. The inferential statistical analysis revealed that membership of cooperative society (χ2=5.163, p=0.023), access to information sources (χ2= 6.667, p=0.010), extension contact (χ2= 6.645, p=0.036) and level of education (χ2=8.708, p=0.030) were significantly associated with respondents’ level of awareness of the effects of climate change. Efforts should be made to sensitize farmers on the effects of climate change to improve their awareness level and the likelihood of adoption of adaptation measures. Efforts should also be made to provide early warning weather information to farmers. Policies should be formulated to ensure unhindered access to credit facilities by farmers.


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