The reliance of more than 80% of the population in Yobe on fuelwood as cooking energy has escalated its commercialization in the state. However, information on the social aspects of the commercial fuelwood sector remains undocumented. This study examines the level of participation and practices of fuelwood value chain players across supply chain, and identify the challenges limiting the value chain players in participating at the formal supply chain. The data of the study were generated through face-to-face interviews conducted with 150 stratified sampled fuelwood value chain players in Potiskum, Yobe. Data were analyze using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. Findings revealed two genderized fuel wood supply chains recognized as formal and informal. The former comprises 93% married men that are licensed, organized, and specialized in specific operation in the four identified chains that made up the structure of the generic fuelwood chain; while the latter constitutes 97% of unspecialized and unorganized single-parent women, who engaged in vertical integration. The findings show the fuelwood harvesting practices are generally unsustainable. However, the informality structure of the non-licensed value chain players deters their contribution to complement the conservation effort of government in planting trees. To promote participation at the formal supply chain, improve sustainable fuelwood harvesting and enhance conservation of forests, the government should  decentralized the license application system to villages level so that  non-licensed players from informal supply chain be encouraged to relocate to formal supply chain, and undertaking holistic awareness on the benefits of operating at the formal supply chain.

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