IMPACT OF DIFFERENT LAND USE TYPES ON SOME SELECTED SOIL PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOILS IN KWARE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA

N G Hayatu, M O Abdulwahab, F D Haruna, A B Anka, F F Jabbi, Y J Bai, A I Darma, S Dahiru, R S Shawai

Abstract


Land use greatly influences soil physical and chemical properties and plays a profound role in the sustainability of soil resources. This study assessed the effects of different land use type on the physical and chemical properties of soils of Kware Local Government Area of Sokoto state. Four land uses were studied viz irrigated-arable farming, rainfed-arable farming, grazing and orchard. Four composite samples, one from each land use were taken at a depth of 0-20cm and analyzed in the laboratory for the physical and chemical properties of the soils. Soil texture, pH, electrical conductivity, available phosphorus, exchangeable bases, cation exchange capacity and percent base saturation were significantly influenced by land use type. However, the bulk density, total porosity and total nitrogen were statistically the same. Rain-fed and grazing soils were both sandy in texture while irrigated and orchard soils were sandy clay loam and sandy loam respectively. Irrigation had the highest content of OC, Ca, K and CEC. While orchard had the highest AP, Mg and Na contents. It was concluded that the soils under irrigation and orchard produced healthier soils than the other land use types. However, to ensure sustainability of the lands, manure application was recommended across the land use types.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abera, Y. and T. Belachew (2011). Effects of landuse on soil organic carbon and nitrogen in soils of Bale, southeastern Ethiopia. Tropical and Subtropical Agrosystems, 14: 229-235.

Abril A., Bucher, E.H. (1999). The effect of overgrazing on soil microbial community and fertility in the Chaco dry savannas of Argentina. Applied Soil Ecology, 12(2):159–167.

Akamigbo, F.O.R (1999). Influence of land use on soil properties of humid tropical agroecology of southeastern Nigeria. Nigerian Agricultural Journal, 30: 59-76.

Black, C.A. (1965). Methods of Soil and Plant Analyses. Agron. No.9, Part 2 Amer. Soc. Madison.

Blake, G.R. and Hartge, K.H. (1986). Bulk density. In: Klute A. (ed.) Methods of Soil Analyses. Part 1. 2nd ed. Agron. 9. ASA and SSA, Madison, W1, p. 363-375.

Bremner, J.M. (1996). Nitrogen – Total. In: D. L. Sparks (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3 – Chemical Methods, SSSA Book Series 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Pp. 1085 – 1122.

Celik, I. (2005). Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil Tillage Research.,83: 270-277.

Chemada, M., Kibret, K., and T. Fite, (2017). Influence of different land use types and soil depths on selected soil properties related to soil fertility in Warandhab Area, Horo Guduru Wallaga Zone, Oromiya, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources 4 (2): 555634.

Chikamnele T. A., Paul, C.O. and Roseta C. E. (2017). Land Use Effects on Some Physico-Chemical Properties Of Ultisol at Ndume–Ibeku, Southeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 7(9): 7-20.

Dawit, S., F. Fritzsche, M. Tekalign, J. Lehmann and W. Zech (2002). Phosphorus forms and dynamics as influenced by land use changes in the sub-humid Ethiopian highlands. Geoderma, 105: 21-48.

Dessalegn, D., S. Beyene, N. Ram, F. Walley and T.S. Gala (2014). Effects of topography and land use on soil characteristics along the toposequence of Ele watershed in southern Ethiopia. Catena, 115: 47-54. www.elsevier.com/locate/catena

Emadi, M., M. Baghernejad, H. Fathi and M. Saffari (2008). Effect of land use changes on selected soil physical and chemical properties in North highlands of Iran. J. of Appl. Sci., 8, 496-502. DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.496.502. URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2008.496.502

Ersador, L., Amacher, G. and Alwang, J. (2004). Productivity and land-enhancing technologies in northern Ethiopia: Health, public Investments and sequential adoption. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 86 (2): 321- 331.

Ghassemi F, JakemanA.J, and H.A.Nix (1995). Salinization of land and water resources. University ofNew South Wales Press Ltd., Canberra

Gebeyew, T. (2007). Soil fertility status as influenced by different land uses in Maybar areas of south Wello zone, Northern Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.

Gol, C. and O. Dengiz (2008). Effect of modifying land cover and long-term agricultural practices on the soil characteristics in native forest land. Journal of Environmental Biology, 29(5) 677-682. www.jeb.co.in.

Heluf, G. and Wakene, N. (2006). Impact of land use and management practices on chemical properties of some soils of Bako area, Western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources 8: 177-197.

ISRIC/FAO (2002). Procedures for soil analysis, sixth edition. In: L.P. Van Reeuwijik (ed.), International Soil Reference and Information Center/FAO, 119 pp.

John, B., T. Yamashita, B. Ludwig and H. Flessa (2005). Storage of organic carbon in aggregate and density fractions of soils under different types of land use. Geoderma,128: 63-79.

Joseph, P.O., Ojochegbe, O.F., Amhakhian S. O. and U. C. Faith (2019). Impacts of Different Land Use on Some Selected Soil Physico-chemical Properties in Federal Polytechnic Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria. South Asian Research Journal of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1(1): 18-22

Kachinskii, N.A. (1965). Soil Physics.In: Zohn, S.V. (ed). Tropical and Subtropical Soil Science. Mir Publishers, Moscow. 47-77.

Kuo, S. (1996). Phosphorus. In: D. L. Sparks (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3 – Chemical Methods. SSSA Book Series 5, Madison, 869 – 920 pp.

Merino, A., P. Perez-Batallon and F. Macias (2004). Responses of soil organic matter and greenhouse gas fluxes to soil management and land use changes in a humid temperate region of southern Europe. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 36:917-925.

Mulugeta, D. and S. Karl (2010). Assessment of integrated soil and water conservation measures on key soil properties in South Gonder, North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, 1(7), pp. 164-176.

Mustapha, S. (2007). Physico-chemical properties and fertility status of some Haplic Plinthaquults in Bauchi local government area of Bauchi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Soil Science, 2(4): 314-315.

Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers (1996). Total Carbon, Organic Carbon and Organic Matter. In: D.L. Sparks (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3 – Chemical Methods. SSSA Book Series 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 961 – 1010 pp.

NiMet, (2018). Nigerian Meteorological Agency, Seasonal Rainfall prediction (SRP) ISSN 23467150-46PP.

Qadir, M., Quillérou, E., Nangia, V., Murtaza, G., Singh, M., Thomas, R.J., Drechsel, P., Noble, A.D., (2014). Economics of salt‐induced land degradation and restoration. Natural Resources Forum, A United Nations Sustainable Development Journal 38(4): 282-295.

Selassie Y.G., Anemut, F. and Addisu, S. (2015). The effects of land use types, managementpractices and slope classes on selected soil physico-chemical properties in Zikre watershed, North-Western Ethiopia. Environmental Systems Research, 4(3) DOI 10.1186/s40068-015-0027-0

Sheleme, B. (2011). Soil characterization along toposequence in Gununo area, southern Ethiopia. Journal of Science and Development, 1 (1):31-39.

Singh, B.R. (2004). Constraints to sustainable crop production in the semi-arid north West of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Agricultural and Rural management 7: 40-62.

Sombroek, W.G. and I.S. Zonneveld (1971). Ancient Dune Fields and Fluviatile Deposits in the Rima-Sokoto River Basin (NW Nigeria). Netherlands: Wageningen, Soil Survey Papers, No.5 Netherlands Soil Survey Institute,pp. 1-107.

Thomas, G. W. (1996). Soil pH and Soil Acidity. In: D. L. Sparks (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3 – Chemical Methods. SSSA Book Series 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 475 – 490.

Tufa, M., Melese, A and Tena, W. (2019). Effects of land use typed on selected soil physical and chemical properties: The case of Kuyu district, Ethopia. European Journal of Soil Science, 8(2), 94-109.

Ufot, U.O., Iren, O.B., Chikere, C.U.Njoku, (2016). Effects of land use on soil physical and chemical properties in Akokwa area of Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Life Sciences Scientific Research, 2(3): 273-278.

Wakene, N. and G. Heluf (2003). Forms of phosphorus and status of available micronutrients under different land-use systems of Alfisols in Bako area of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 5: 17-37.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.