MARKETING AND UTILIZATION OF Adansonia digitata (KUKA) IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA STATE NIGERIA

N Y Tukur, B Ahmad, G Y Jamala

Abstract


There are numerous indigenous tree species that are of great importance to the rural economy of many communities in Nigeria which are given little or no attention in terms of economic potentials and utilization, and the array of uses is not well documented, One of such multipurpose tree is Adansonia digitata, especially in the northern part of Nigeria where it is abundant with particular reference to Kaduna metropolis. The Marketing and Utilization of Adansonia digitata (Kuka) in Kaduna metropolis was studied. Two types of structured questionnaire were used, one hundred and twenty (120) questionnaires were administered to consumers and were all successfully retrieved back, and eighty (80) questionnaires were also administered to different categories of marketers (24 for producers, 28 for wholesalers and 28 for retailers). The result was presented using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage), and marketing margin and net profit were also calculated. The study revealed that all part of the tree species (leaves, root, stem and bark) were used for treatment of various ailments such as stomach disorder, diarrhea, toothache, growth control in children etc. the result also shows some none medicinal uses which include soup preparation, juice making, ropes and mat making etc. some socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents were also examined. The percentage of male was 71.67% while that of females was 28.33%. 46.67% had secondary education and 35% had tertiary education, where 70.83% were married. The study also showed that majority of the marketers were between 41 – 50 years (45%) and 31 – 40 years (40%), and 95% of them were married. 96.25% of the marketers obtained their goods (kuka) from rural markets. marketing margin shows that kuka producers had higher margin of (42.33%), wholesalers (37.1%) and retailers (20.57%), the weekly net profit for the marketers was ₦ 7496, ₦6943 and ₦4635 respectively. The outcome of the research confirms the array of uses assigned to Adansonia digitata and its profitable marketing. The study suggested more researches should be conducted to reveal more economic potentials of A. digitata tree species as well as financial assistance from the government and other relevant institutions to support the economic contribution from this tree species

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