SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION OF FUEL WOOD BUSINESS AND CONSUMPTION IN DUTSIN-MA AND SAFANA LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, KATSINA STATE, NIGERIA

M Ibrahim, G Y Jamala, N Y Tukur

Abstract


The demand and consumption of fuelwood has increased with increases in human population. The increasing demand has expanded fuel wood market with increases in distance and energy expended on the harvesting and supply of fuel wood. fuelwood supplies appear to be diminishing in the face of increasing demand while the market’s attempt to meet the demand has imposed heavy environmental costs in terms of loss of forest resources. This simply reduces the ecosystem functions of forest and exposing our environments to hazards .This research work titled socio economic and environmental implications of fuelwood business and consumption was carried out in Dutsin-Ma and Safana Local Government Areas. It was aimed at determining the socio economic contribution and environmental implications of fuelwood business and consumption. Structured questionnaires were designed and distributed randomly to fuelwood consumers and marketers in the study areas. The results obtained indicated that 94.8% of the fuelwood consumers were male, while 5.2% were female. 38.1% are within the age of 31-40years, 29.7% 41-50years, 20.6% 21-30years and 11.6% greater than 50years. 82.6% were married 12.9% were single, 3.2% and 1.3% widow/widower. 29.7% had family size of 6-9 person, 27.1% 2-5person 25.2% 10-13person 14.2% had 14-17person 1.9 had 18-21person and 1.9% with family size above 18-21 persons. Civil service was the dominant occupation of the fuel consumers which account for about 38.7% and 36.8%  with farming as their major occupation. Felwood account for about 87.1% as a source of domestic energy in the study area. 91.0% of the fuelwood consumers consumed fuelwood between 1-4bundles per day. Socio economic characteristics of the fuelwood sellers, males account for about 75.0% while females 25.0%. 57.7% are within the age of 41 years, 34.1% between 31-40 years, and 11.7% between 50 years and above. 95.4% were married. 56.0% with family size of 10-15person, 40% of them with primary certificate and their major occupation being farming which account for about 93.2%. 40.9% of the fuelwood sellers took 6-10 years in the business while 27.3% 11-15years, 13.6% spent 1-5years and 15-20years respectively. 63.6% sources the fuel wood from forest while 27.3% obtained fuelwood from forest/wholesalers. 43.2% used 10,000-20,000 as start-up capital, while 22.7% required 10,000 as initial capital. 70.5% of the fuelwood sellers sales fuelwood of 2000-4000 naira in a day, while 15.9% sales 1000 naira only in a day. The present investment of the fuel wood sellers interviewed had increased in which 63.6% has 40,000-60,000, 20.5% has 20,000 and 9.1% has 61,000- 80,000 naira respectively. Fuelwood significantly plays a vital role in providing domestic energy to the household in two local governments; Dutsin-Ma and Safana. It was also discovered that fuelwood business and consumption pose a lots of environmental challenges, such as increase in deforestation which lead to reduction of species of trees, erosion, climate change and soil degradation, therefore laws governing the fuelwood harvesting need to be reviewed and also establishment of woodlots need to be encouraged in order to meet up the need of fuelwood in Dutsin-Ma and Safana local government areas

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