In recent times, the global focus has been on eradicating food insecurity. Various international organizations and governments of developing nations through schemes that enhance food production have made their contributions. This study focused on the assessment of the effect of small scale irrigation scheme on food security of farming households in Kwara State, Nigeria. Primary data was used for the study. Using a two stage random sampling, three (3) Local Government Areas were randomly selected from the twelve (12) local governments that have irrigation project under the Lower Niger River Basin were randomly selected in the first stage. Thirty (30) irrigation and non irrigation farming households were each randomly selected in each Local Government Area for the study. A total of 180 households were used for the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect useful information from the respondents. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics, logistic regression, food security index and 4-pointLikert type scale. The results showed that adoption of irrigation Scheme is significantly affected by age, household size, years of schooling, farm size, farm income, farming experience, access to extension service and membership in farmers Association. The result also showed that about 78.5% and 53.8% of the irrigation and non irrigation farming households are food secure respectively. The effect of irrigation on the farming households that adopted the scheme revealed an average increase of 1157 kcal/AE/day calorie intake. The constraints faced in accessing the irrigation scheme were inadequate awareness of the scheme, cost of irrigation water, distance to irrigation site, unfairness of water distribution, inadequate government supports, and enforcement of cropping pattern.

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