This study examined the relationship between poverty and factors that lead to environmental degradation among smallholder farmers in Kano State. Multistage sampling technique was used to select a sample 120 respondents from whom data were collected using structured questionnaires. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and logit regression. The result of the study revealed that (80%) of the sampled farmer were male, (61%) were within the age of 3 – 49 years with a mean of 46 years and majority were (90%) were married. The findings further revealed that, majority (79%) of the sampled farmers had formal education, majority (62%) had house hold size of less than 10 members (63.3%) had a farm size of 0.1 – 4.99 hectare and (85%) of the sampled farmers had an experience of 5 – 55 years. Using the likelihood ratio statistic was significant (P<0.01), suggesting that the independent variables taken together influence the poverty level of the farmers and this revealed that three out of the six listed regressors namely; bush burning, overgrazing and poor tillage operation has significant influence on the poverty level of the farmers and since the S.E. (βo)< β/2, it concluded that the variable (βo) is statistically significant at 5% level of  significant. The result of the poverty environmental degradation analysis indicated that there is a relationship between poverty and environmental degradation. Joint implementation of poverty and environmental degradation mitigation measures by stakeholders is advocated on a sustainable basis at all levels farm from communities up to national level.

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