EFFECT OF SOME PRE-EMERGENCE HERBICIDES ON WEED INFESTATION AND VARIETIES OF GROUNDNUT (Arachis hypogea L.) IN SUDAN SAVANNA OF NIGERIA

M A YAWALE, A M SA'AD, M B IBRAHIM

Abstract


The relatively slow initial vegetative growth of groundnut and the long time taken for canopy close-up enhances the susceptibility of the crop to early season and protracted weed infestation which can lead to considerable loss of potential yield of the crop. The experiments were conducted at Kano University of Science and Technology practical and research farm Gaya during 2016 and 2017 rainy season, to evaluate the response of improved and local ground nut varieties (SAMNUT-24 and Kampala) to two pre-emergence herbicides Pendimethalin and Butachlor that were applied at two rates each (1.5 and 2 kg a.i. ha-1) and weedy check were included to serve as control. These give a total of 10 treatments combination that were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design and replicated three times. Data were taken on growth, weed and yield parameters. Summed frequency of weed species present at the experimental sites indicates the prevalence of Cynodon dactylon (18.2%), Mitracarpus villosus (15.3%) and Pennisetum purperium (12.4%).  The result indicated the application of pendimethalin at 1.5 kg a.i.ha-1 or Butachlor at 2.0 kg a.i.ha-1 produced significantly higher pod and Stover yield as exemplified in superior growth observed in vine length, number of leaves and leaf area on SAMNUT-24 in the study area.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abudulai M., Dzomeku I. K., Salifu A. B., Nutsugah S. K., Brandenbury R. L. and Jordan D. L. (2007). Influence of cultural practices on soil anthropods, leaf spot, pod damage and yield.Peanut Scence,34, 72-78

Ahmad, N, Rahim M. and Kham U. (2010) Evaluation of different varieties, seed rates and row spacing of groundnut planted under agro ecological condition of Malak and division. J. Agron. 6, 385-387.

Ahmad, S, Hassan A.A. and El Bastawery F.I. (1994) effect of some herbicides on yield and yield components of groundnut plant. Journal of applied science 9, 421-434

Bature, M.S, Dadari, S.A, Tanimu, B, Odioc, E.C, Mahadi, M.A and Kura H.N (2013) Influence of sowing date and weed control on growth and development of groundnut (Arachis hypogea): Biological and Environmental 10(4),111-115

Chikoye, D. and Ekeleme F. (2001). Weed flora and soil seed banks in fields dominated by imperata cylindrical in the moist savannah of West Africa. Weed research 41475,-490.

Dadari, S.A. (2005). The effect of post emergence weed control in irrigation wheat in the Sudan Savannah of Nigeria: crop protection. 24, 842-847.

Duncan D. B. (1955). Multiple Range and Multiple F-test. Biometrics 11, 1-42.

Hiremath, S. M., Shivraj, Sajjan, A. S., Kamatar, M. V. and Chetti, M. B. (1997). Effect of herbicides on weed control efficiency in diverse groundnut genotypes. World Weeds4, 163- 168.

Ishaya, B.D, Tunku P. and Yahaya M.S. (2008) Effect of pre emergence herbicide mixture on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) at Samaru in northern Nigeria. Crop Protection27(7,)1105-1109.

Kasai, F.S., Paulo, E.M. and Carichioli, J.C. (2001). Effect of weed competition periods on peanut II. Wet season crop. Bragantia. 60, 27-33.

Lagoke, S.T.O, Choudhary, A.H. and Chandra D.J. (1982). Chemical weed control in rain fed

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) in the Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria, 22, 17-22

Meena, S.S. and Mehta, R.S. (2009). Integrated weed management in coriander (Coriandrumsativum). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 79, 824-26.

Onwueme, I. C. and Sinha, I.T. (1999). Field crop production in tropical Africa CTA publicationScience Direct, 93, 264-272.

Oudhia, P. (2004). Pytosociolocal studies of rainy wester lands weed with special reference to parthenium hysterophorus(I..) in Raipur district .//www.iprng.org/IPRNG-parthenium A and W 15. Htm.

Parasuraman, P. (2000). Weed management in rain-fed cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and greengram (Phaseolus radiatus) under North- Western Agroclimatic Zone of Tamil Nadu.

Patel, J.C, Patel, P.P. and Jat, G.L. (2007). Integrated weed management in fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.). Proc. Nat. Sem. OnProduction, Development, Quality and Exportof Seed Spices - Issues and Strategies, held during 2–3 February 2007 at NRCSS, Ajmer, Rajasthan.

Patra, A. K. and Naik, B. C. (2001). Integrated weed management in rainy season groundnut. IndianJournal of Agricultural Sciences, 71, 378-380.

Sahoo, S. K., Pradhan, J., Kuruwanshi, V. B., Guhey, A., Rout, G.R. and Dash, R. (2017). Phytotoxic Effect of Pre- emergence Herbicides on Oil Content and Yield Components of Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) Int. J Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6(9),1738-1748.

SAS, (1989). Statistical Application for Science (SAS/STAT) User Guide Version 64: 2 SAS Inst. Inc. Carry NC, USA

Schilling, R. and. Missari, S. M. (1992). Assessment of research achievements in the savannah region in West Africa, pp. 97-112, In: Nigam, S. H. (ed). Ground a global prospective.

Singh, N.P. and Yadav I.S. (2012). Herbicide Tolerant Food Legume Crops: Possibilities and Prospects. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 37(3), 484-488.

Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1967). Statistical Methods sixth edition: Iowa University. Press. Iowa USA 606-607.

Subramaniyan, K. and Arulmozhi, N. (1998), Integrated weed management in rainfed groundnut. WorldWeeds, 5, 105-108

Soumya K. S., Jyostnarani P., Kuruwanshi V.B., Arti G., Rout G.R. and Rabiratna D. (2017) Phytotoxic Effect of Pre emergence Herbicides on Oil Content and Yield Components of Groundnut (Arachis hypogeae) International Journal Current Microbiology and Applied Science 6(9), 1738-1748

Taru, V.B., Kyagya, I.Z., Mshelia, S.I. and Adebayo, E.F. (2008). Economic efficiency of resource use in groundnut production in Adamawa state of Nigeria. World journal of agricultural sciences. 4, 896-900.

Walia, U.S. (2006). Weed management. New Delhi: Kalyani publishers.

Wilcut, J. W., Wehtje, G. R. and Patterson M. G. (1987). Economic assessment of weed control

systems for peanuts (Arachis hypogaea). Weed Science, 35, 433–437.

Yadav, S. K, Bhan, V. M and Kumar, A. (1986). Studies on removal of nutrients by weeds and their control in groundnut. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 31(2), 177-181.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.