PLANT-PARASITIC NEMATODES ASSOCIATED WITH SUGARCANE (SACCHARUMSPP. L.) IN SOME SELECTED LOCATIONS IN ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

S ABDULSALAM, F ALHASSAN, P S CHINDO

Abstract


A field survey of sugarcane plantation in ZariaLocal Government Area of Kaduna State was conductedto identify the diverse nematodes species associated with the crop and to determine theirprominence value and frequency of occurrence on the field. A total of Nineteen (19) genera of plant-parasitic nematodes were found inassociation with the roots and rhizosphere of the sugarcane plants. Scutellonema spp. and Rotylenchus spp.were the most frequently occurring (60%) in all the soil samples. Ditylenchus spp. was not identified from the soil samples. The most prominent nematode encountered in the soil was Scutellonema spp.(20449.4), followed byRotylenchusspp. (13452.2) and Helicotylenchus spp. (5889),respectively. In root samples, Heterodera spp. and Tylenchus spp. had the highest absolute frequency of occurrence (27%).Aphelenchoidesspp.was the most prominent (2302.5) plant-parasitic nematode encountered in the root, followed by Ditylenchusspp.(1964.4) and Heterodera spp.(1893.5), respectively. Other plant-parasitic nematodes genera were identified at varying absolute frequencies and prominence values. Therefore, there is need for nematode control for improved yield.


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