HAEMOCYTOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMISTRY OF BROILERS FED GINGER (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE) AND GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM) AS FEED ADDITIVES IN DUTSINMA LGA KATSINA STATE NIGERIA

M A YAHAYA, U S SALISU, R Y JAMILU, A O NNANNA

Abstract


A study was carried out to investigate the haemocytologic variations of broilers fed ginger and garlic as feed additives. A total of 120 day-old broiler chicks were sourced from a reputable hatchery and randomly assigned to four dietary treatment groups in a completely randomized design (CRD) with each treatment group replicated thrice having 10 chicks per replicate (n=30). Four experimental diets were formulated with the control diet (T1) free of the additives (ginger and garlic) while birds in group T2 and T3 were fed with graded levels of ginger 0.3g/kg of feed and garlic 0.3g/kg of feed while T4 had mixture of garlic 0.15g/kg of feed and ginger 0.15g/kg of feed for the experiment that lasted 56 days. At the end of the experiment, blood samples were randomly collected from 3 birds per replicate for serum biochemistry and haemocytology analysis. The results obtained showed that birds exposed to combined additives (ginger and garlic) recorded the highest significant (P<0.05) differences in packed cell volumes, haemoglobin, creatinine concentration and Lymphocytosis leading to markedly low moratlity in that group. The study established that a mixture of ginger and garlic at 0.15g/Kg each demonstrated least mortality with eosinopaenia connoting absence of parasitic infection indicating impact of the additives in control of parasitic infections. It is therefore recommended that poultry farm can use the combination of garlic and ginger at 0.15g/Kg each as a replacement for synthetic antibiotics thereby reducing the cost of poultry production.


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